Draft Research- The History of Image Acquisition

The History of Image Acquisition Timeline

 

▪    Ancient times- Even as far back as the Stone Age there is evidence of documentation through arts in their cave paintings. We can learn lots from these paintings, such as the hunting methods they used and religion.

▪    Egyptians- Documents such as the Book of the Dead kept knowledge in families and retained information for centuries to come.

▪    Camera obscuras used to form images on walls in darkened rooms; images formed via a pinhole

▪    16th century- Brightness and clarity of camera obscuras improved by enlarging the hole and inserting a telescope lens

▪    1664-1666
Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colors.

▪    1727-
Johann Heinrich Schulze discovers that silver nitrate darkened after exposure to light

▪    1800- Thomas Wedgwood makes “sun pictures” by placing opaque objects on leather treated with silver nitrate; resulting images deteriorated rapidly

▪       1816: Nicéphore Niépce combines the camera obscura with photosensitive paper

▪    1822 – Nicéphore Niépce takes the first fixed, permanent photograph, of an engraving of Pope Pius VII, using a non-lens contact-printing “heliographic process”, but it was destroyed later; the earliest surviving example is from 1825.

▪    1826 – Nicéphore Niépce takes the first fixed, permanent photograph from nature, a landscape that required an eight hour exposure.

▪    1835 – William Fox Talbot creates his own photographic process.

▪    1839 – Louis Daguerre patents the daguerreotype and takes the first photograph of a person

▪    1839 – William Fox Talbot invents the positive / negative process widely used in modern photography. He refers to this as photogenic drawing.

▪    1839 – John Herschel demonstrates hyposulfite of soda as a fixer, and makes the first glass negative.

▪    1851 – Introduction of the collodion process by Frederick Scott Archer.

▪    1855: Beginning of the stereoscopic era

▪    1861 – The first colour photograph, an additive projected image of a tartan ribbon, is taken by James Clerk Maxwell.

▪    1871: Richard Leach Maddox proposes the use of an emulsion of gelatin and silver bromide on a glass plate, the “dry plate” process.

▪    1876 – F. Hurter & V. C. Driffield begin systematic evaluation of sensitivity characteristics of photographic emulsions – science of sensitometry.

▪    1878 – Eadweard Muybridge makes a high-speed photographic demonstration of a moving horse, airborne during a trot, using a trip-wire system.

▪    1887 – Celluloid film base introduced.

▪    1888 – Kodak n°1 box camera is mass marketed; first easy-to-use camera containing a 20-foot roll of paper, enough for 100 2.5-inch diameter circular pictures.

▪    1888 – Louis Le Prince makes Roundhay Garden Scene, considered the first film ever made.

▪    1889: Introduction of nitrocellulate film photography lead to Improved Kodak camera with roll of film instead of paper

▪    1891 – William Kennedy Laurie Dickson develops the “kinetoscopic camera” while working for Thomas Edison.

▪    1898 – Kodak introduces their Folding Pocket Kodak.

▪    1900 – Kodak introduces their first Brownie.

▪    1901 – Kodak introduces the 120 film.

▪    1907: First commercial colour film, the Autochrome plates, manufactured by Lumiere brothers in France

▪    1908 – Kinemacolor, a two-color process that is the first commercial “natural color” system for movies, is introduced.

▪    1914 – The World, the Flesh and the Devil, the first dramatic feature film in Kinemacolor, is released.

▪    1921: Man Ray begins making photograms (“rayographs”) by placing objects on photographic paper and exposing the shadow cast by a distant light bulb;

▪    1925 – The Leica introduced the 35mm format to still photography.

▪    1927
General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.

▪    1931: Development of strobe photography by Harold Edgerton at MIT

▪    1932 – The first full-color movie, the cartoon Flowers and Trees, is made in Technicolor by Disney.

▪    1932 – First 8 mm amateur motion-picture film, cameras, and projectors are introduced by Kodak.

▪    1935 – Becky Sharp, the first feature film made in full color (Technicolor), is released.

▪    1936 – Introduction by IHAGEE of the Ihagee Kine Exakta 1, the first 35mm. Single Lens reflex camera. (kodachrome)

▪    1938- The first methods of photocopying are patented

▪    1939 – Agfacolor negative-positive color material, the first modern “print” film.

▪    1939 – The View-Master stereo viewer is introduced.

▪    1942 – Kodacolor, Kodak’s first “print” film.

▪    1947 – Dennis Gabor invents holography.

▪    1948 – The Hasselblad camera is introduced.

▪    1948 – Edwin H. Land introduces the first Polaroid instant image camera.

▪    1952 – The 3-D film craze begins.

▪    1954 – Leica M Introduced

▪    1957 – First digital image produced on a computer by Russell Kirsch at U.S. National Bureau of Standards

▪    1959 – AGFA introduces the first fully automatic camera, the Optima.

▪    1963
Polaroid introduces instant color film.

▪    1963- The Nikonos, the first purpose-built underwater is introduced

▪    1975- The first digital camera invented by Steve Sasson for Kodak

▪    1986 – Kodak scientists invent the world’s first megapixel sensor.

▪    1987- The popular Canon EOS system introduced, with new all-electronic lens mount

▪    1990- Adobe Photoshop released.

▪    1992- The introduction of the JPEG enables images to be viewed on the web

▪    2000: The first camera phone introduced in Japan by Sharp (J-Phone)

▪    2004: Kodak ceases production of all film cameras

▪    2008 – Polaroid announces it is discontinuing the production of all instant film products, citing the rise of digital imaging technology.

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